Gum disease is an infection resulting in inflammation and bleeding of the gingival tissue (gums). It is caused by a build-up of plaque, a sticky form of bacteria forming on the teeth. If the plaque is not removed by flossing, brushing, and regular professional cleanings at our Port Charlotte dental office, it will continue to build up and create bacteria that will cause gum disease.
Gum disease has two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is a form of gum disease that is localized to the tissue and is reversible. The most common symptoms of gingivitis are gum inflammation and bleeding.
Periodontitis is an advanced form of gum disease. It presents with the loss of attachment of the bone, periodontal ligament, and gum tissue. Periodontitis is not reversible but maintainable with dental care. Many patients have periodontitis and are unaware of it because there may not be any signs noticeable to them. Patients who show symptoms present with red or inflamed gum tissue, gum recession, bone loss, and tooth mobility.
Several factors can increase the likelihood that gum disease will develop, including:
Our Murdock dentist uses digital radiography and panoramic X-rays to measure bone levels. A complete periodontal charting, a six-point measurement around each tooth, is done at every hygiene visit.
They say that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, which applies to gum disease in particular. It’s easy to prevent gum disease by practicing good oral hygiene and visiting our Port Charlotte dental office for cleanings and exams. If you are at risk for developing gum disease, we may suggest increasing professional cleanings to keep bacteria levels lower and keep your gum health stable. Looking for an emergency dentist in Port Charlotte? Meet our emergency Murdock dentist in Port Charlotte now!